Bladder Disorder And Related Complications

Many people don’t consider this as a health issue and live with it even if they need to limit some of their physical activity because of this, according to a recent research over 35 million Americans are living with bladder disorders without asking for any medical help. Due to the shorter uterus which allows bacteria to reach the bladder more easily females are more prone to bladder disorder than their male counterparts. Some of the major bladder disorder in women includes:

Urinary Incontinence

Accidental loss of urine or urinary incontinence is common problem millions of women can relate to. There are different types of incontinence such as stress, urge, and overflow. The most common type is stress incontinence. This type of incontinence is most embarrassing and annoying and most difficult to deal with. In stress incontinence, you might leak urine anytime you cough, laugh, exercise, or lift heavy objects. Urge incontinence is when you are unable to hold your urine until you get to the bathroom whereas overflow incontinence is a type of incontinence where you are dribbling all the time because you are unable to empty your bladder completely. If you are facing more than one of these types of incontinence you can call it mixed incontinence.

Various Causes of UI Includes:

  • Pregnancy and childbirth: While in pregnancy and delivery they pelvic muscle get stretched due which the opening of urethra also can stretch and women finds it difficult to control the leaks.
  • Menopause: Bladder weakness happens during menopause due to less production of estrogen because estrogen plays a major role to keep the tissues of bladder and urethra healthy and active.
  • Nerve damage: We all know that nerves are playing a crucial role in all our lives, it’s our nerves only which gives a signal to our brain when our bladder is full, nerve damage can break that connection and interrupt that signal. Incontinence may happen when your brain stops to tell you when you need to empty your bladder. There are various diseases that can be a cause of nerve damage too such as diabetes, Parkinson’s, surgery, stroke, or trauma that can also damage that nerve which controls your bladder.
  • Medications: Some medications can cause the muscles of the bladder to relax and prevent them from recognizing the brain that the bladder is full of urine. Such scenario happens when the medication includes sleeping pills, narcotics, and antibiotics. If your brains stop giving you signals you never know when your stomach is full thus it can overflow and leak. Diuretics can also cause incontinence. It causes releasing fluid from another part of the body and sends them into the bladder, which fills up quickly.
  • Being overweight: By putting up extra weight we put serious pressure on the bladder too that can be a cause of stress incontinence.

There are range of incontinence panty liners and bladder leakage pads available in market do deal with UI or if you are going through severe incontinence you can think of surgery as well.

Interstitial Cystitis

Interstitial cystitis is another common problem for women’s facing bladder disorder. This happens generally when the bladder is irritated. The bladder walls get stiffed due to inflammation as a result of this the bladder stop expanding when it fills and it started building pressure on the walls of bladder. It’s difficult to find out the exact cause of interstitial cystitis but, doctors believe the reasons are quite similar to what as cause of urinary incontinence such as pelvic surgery, autoimmune disorders, infections, and trauma to the spinal cord or some serious infection.

Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is mostly caused by germs and they can be extremely painful sometimes. Germs can also effect bladder control issues majorly by entering urinary tract and cause infection in multiple ways:

Wiping from back to front after bowl moment can help the germ to enter through vagina which can be a cause of infection.

Unprotected sex can spread germs from the vagina into the urethra. Use of diaphragm or spermicides can also help in UTIs.

Holding the urine for too long can also spread the germs and allow them to grow inside.

Other causes that make it hard to empty your bladder completely while passing urine and causing UTIs include menopause, diabetes, and kidney stones or other obstructions.

When to See Your Doctor

If your bladder disorder is affecting your quality of life badly you can seek help from doctor, depending on your bladder disorder issues and complications your doctor can help you with the solution. Bladder disorder can be treated in various ways like lifestyle changes, bladder weakness products, medicines, exercises and surgery or in combination of multiple ways as well.

The author’s passion is helping women with a focus on bladder leakage. She believes there needs to be more educational information available to women who are going through urinary incontinence or about to start. She has helped women change their life with her content on bladder weakness products . Using her own experiences along with insights from experts, she gives valuable inputs on this blog every week. Her aim is to create a resource which women in with light bladder leakage in menopause can access without fear or humiliation and can trust in this confusing time of their lives.

Originally published at on January 15, 2021.

first sustainable wellness brand built4 women, by women, as we age. We’re creating human-centric, sustainable solutions for life’s inconvenient truths.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store